restricted dog breeds

The horrified owner was too terrified to approach her own dog. My brother and I had a talk about getting counseling for my nephews. (I"m a scumbag because of mine) but here are FACTS. Now back to my rough tough cream puff. ... Like many other dog breeds on the banned list, Dobermans get a bad reputation as aggressive and violent dogs. Breed restrictions can vary widely. The "scarier" a breed is considered by a community, the more likely a dog of that breed will be purchased for protection, used for protection, and actually bite an intruder. If you already have insurance, simply print out your current policy, highlight the section regarding pets, and provide a letter that proves that you are currently covered. They don't just wave their arms and guess. Wow, are a responsible owner. The short answer is no absolutely not. Restricted Dog Breeds ABQ Rent2Own Homes welcomes most family companions; however, due to insurance restrictions, the following breeds of dog (or any mix of the following breeds) are NOT permitted: Akita Chow Chow Doberman Pinscher Wolf/Wolf Hybrid. Dachshunds? Maskers Versus Anti-Maskers: Who Are the Bigger Sheep? If dog bites cost them a lot of money, its only reasonable that they should increase premiums for dog owners, or "blacklist" dogs that have a proven history of biting. Restricted breeds are typically dogs that are considered to be dangerous by the wider public. As one representative of Allstate Insurance told me, "We are in the business of evaluating risk, and based on what we know, the dogs on our 'uninsurable list' pose a higher risk." A little perspective The Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) estimates that there are more than 1.5 million deer-vehicle collisions each year, resulting in 150 occupant deaths, tens of thousands of injuries and over $1 billion in vehicle damage. To get to the point I got in contact with him, he was now an agent at another VERY reputable company (#3) and we went through quotes at his office. They are protected under the Americans with Disabilities Act. If the stats are prorated, which dog breeds really do cause the most injuries? Do the research with The Humane Society of the United States. Wheres the owner, wheres the parents both have a responsibility. That said, it's better to begin your search with a solid foundation of knowledge about breed restrictions. We’re rated 4.5 out of 5 because renters have so much success finding places they love. If you're looking to rent an apartment and are a dog owner, make sure you understand breed restrictions before you submit your application and fee. They snarled showing teeth. That's a fancy way of saying he lies. Both threat dogs had been permitted by their owners for months to run loose, off leash, at night in our neighborhood. If you insist on owning exotic animals and your landlord agrees to house them, you’ll have to find a special insurance policy. Are there data showing that Great Danes are more likely to attack or bite than other large dogs? But then again my cousin was bit by an 8 pound dog that lead to extensive plastic surgery. Those show that your dog responds to your orders. He was SO aggressive that he snarled almost until the MOMENT the euthanasia drug stopped his heart. Rabies and other diseases aren't going to care where they came from. My sentiments exactly. I could list a whole bunch of dog breeds more aggressive than a Siberain Husky. However, predictions of aggression in dogs should be based on several factors. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention A pit bull in a locked secured home sensed me and my dogs on the sidewalk. Does this evidence exist? The companies argue that the only way to reduce their financial risk is to ban certain dog breeds from coverage. In the U.S., the states of Michigan and Pennsylvania have restricted the use of dog-breed profiling by insurance companies. Miniature Pinschers? Those include the target, whether the dog has been fixed, and training. As with most things, the terminology you use is important. Not all units are pet-friendly. That means that it's already too late for the insurance company because they will have to cover the claim under the pre-existing unrestricted policy. Unfortunately, as more and more insurance providers adopt these rules, it may become increasingly difficult to find an apartment that will allow certain breeds. If Your Insurer Will Not Cover Your Dog. So, you might be a little biased when it comes to assessing their temperament. You should go back and read your little story and realize how insane it sounds. Of violent crimes in 2012, there were roughly 760 thousand aggravated assaults, 354 thousand robberies, 84 thousand forcible rapes and around 15 thousand murders and non-negligent manslaughters. They regularly interact with dogs and are more adept at assessing aggressiveness. However, your landlord doesn't. “Decisions are made on a case by case basis for those instances,” State Farm spokeswoman Heather Paul told HuffPost. Glad to see some intelligent people posting on this subject. Chihuahuas were in second place, and Jack Russells were the third most aggressive breed. The 14 most often blacklisted dog breeds were: Nonetheless, remember that each company draws up its own list based on its opinion of the risk the dog breed presents. These lists have various names depending on the company, such as "excluded dog breeds," "aggressive dog list," "insurance list of dangerous dogs," "prohibited dog breeds," and one simply labels it their "bad dog list." However, service animals are exempt from breed restrictions. From the limited information (as I contend bad people are the problem) I would not say that all Rhodesian Ridgeback, Border Collie and Akita's should be placed on a bad breed list or regulated. Owners who desire to have guard dogs may rationalize the purchase of one breed over another based on the degree to which they subjectively believe that the dog will be "mean" or "scary. The Department of Environment and Natural Resources said the dog was reported as a German shepherd, also a restricted breed. One of the dogs pictured is considered the most aggressive. These restrictions are most common in large apartment complexes. Any basis for that opinion? No wonder he was aggressive. No specific scientific criteria are required for a dog breed to be blacklisted, and it is possible that simply one report in the media might be enough to cause an official in an insurance company to decide that one or another dog breed is dangerous. Also, it doesn't take a genius to comprehend that an aggressive dog is often made that way by an "aggressive, cruel, thoughtless human being" - the human should be banned not the dog. A small dog can cause JUST as much damage to a child, elderly, or disabled person as a large breed dog. 16 thousand bites.In 2012, there were roughly 1.2 million violent crimes committed in the United States. From the data I have seen I calculate dog bite at 0.005 per capita. Sometimes German Shepherds are too inbred and can attack unexpectedly. ALL dogs NEED TO BE SOCIALIZED -- to other dogs, to children, to people, and to anyone in their environment they might come across. Sep 21, 2015 - Human Rabies. Any insurance blacklisting by breed is ridiculous. Lots of support groups on Facebook now for victims. Insurers are very competitive., “It is remarkable that five out of eight fights which led to the death of the victim involved the clearly over-represented group of fighting dogs. 2. The same with rental housing - there needs to be a published list of those discriminating against particular breeds and size - they advertise themselves as pet-friendly - THEY ARE NOT!!!!!!!!! The Life Expectancy of 165 Breeds of Dogs, Why People Buy Dogs Who They Know Will Suffer and Die Young. Pomeranians? While you might love your dog, the companies that carry the insurance for your house, apartment, or condominium might not. How they are raised and treated is the major factor in their temperment”. Not entirely accurate. Dreams have been described as dress rehearsals for real life, opportunities to gratify wishes, and a form of nocturnal therapy. Many of the smaller breeds such as chihauhuas, daschunds, min pins, and most of the terrier breeds are vocal and nippers and biters. If a Chihuahua bites me, I'll need a Band-Aid; if a Doberman attacks me, I may need to go to a hospital. But Ms Alldis, 42, said a witness had only said the dog … If you're a responsible pet owner with a well-behaved dog, you may be able to get past any breed restriction with a bit of luck and hard work. Restrictions may also be imposed based on dog size, weight, breed, exercise needs, or age. It didn't. ALL of these dogs are large and it seems to me that they are being classified as "aggressive" because of their size. So, never try to hide or lie about your pet. My story is I had a very popular insurance (#5) company since I was 16. I said "lets set up a video camera and tape". Over 85 million American families, or about .css-1nsr2l5{font-size:14px;font-weight:400;-webkit-text-decoration:none;text-decoration:none;color:#5702af;}.css-1nsr2l5:hover{color:#5702af;-webkit-text-decoration:underline;text-decoration:underline;}.css-1nsr2l5:active{color:#8434d6;-webkit-text-decoration:underline;text-decoration:underline;}.css-1nsr2l5:visited{color:#8434d6;-webkit-text-decoration:underline;text-decoration:underline;}67% of households, own a pet. If you own a dog or plan on getting one, be aware of homeowners insurance dog breed restrictions. While he was being pre-screened for a home insurance policy he was asked if he owned any dogs. Thus, 71% of the deaths during that period were attributed to a type of dog that accounts for 1% of the US dog population...Most breeds do not repeatedly bite their victims; however, a pit bull attack has been compared to a shark attack and often results in multiple bites and extensive soft tissue loss (3,10). That amounted to about $490 million, with the average claim costing close to $30,000. Insurance companies base their decisions on quantifiable data - namely the amount of dollars paid out in liability claims. It's crucial to put together a detailed list of all the ways you can guarantee that your pet is safe and won't pose a danger to any other residents or destroy any property. Whether you own an Akita or another restricted or banned dog breed, some cities don’t ban breeds outright, but they require you to handle the dog like he’s a dangerous dog. He offers no law enforcement or animal control confirmation. All in how it is framed. This leads to severe injuries and, in some cases, death of the victim (human or animal). That situation is bound to lead to some odd choices as to which breeds are uninsurable. Is Your Dog Really Helping You Make It Through the Pandemic? The very scientists who have authored studies trying to determine a link between breed and aggressiveness oppose breed discrimination and BSL. Copyright SC Psychological Enterprises Ltd. May not be reprinted or reposted without permission. Like a job interview in which you have to demonstrate your qualifications, you'll have to demonstrate your dog's qualifications. Note: For the carriage of cats and dogs, we recommend that you obtain a veterinary certificate certifying that the animal does not fall within any of the above categories. X car brand had a malfunction causing an accident so car brand A -Z are dangerous. Breed Specific Legislation (BSL) affects everyone. Here are some studies and data pertaining to pit bulls: “Attacks by pit bulls are associated with higher morbidity rates, higher hospital charges, and a higher risk of death than are attacks by other breeds of dogs. Also, some countries may not allow for dangerous dog breeds to be imported. It works well, is relatively inexpensive, and causes no damage to the attacking dog or human, for that matter. I want this comment to get published so I cant tell you my insurance companies names but a company with an A+ rating actually gives you a discount for having a German Shepherd. My other friends Yorkie used to bite as well. Astorian you are not wrong. Get the help you need from a therapist near you–a FREE service from Psychology Today. Dog control legislation must be reasonable, non-discriminatory and enforceable as detailed in the AKC Position Statement. Generally, renter's insurance covers your personal belongings stored in the apartment against theft or damage. I am however a responsible owner. I have a 95 pound white GSD. Of violent crimes in 2012, there were roughly 760 thousand aggravated assaults, 354 thousand robberies, 84 thousand forcible rapes and around 15 thousand murders and non-negligent manslaughters. The specific breeds a landlord bans are up to their discretion. As for my GSD my rates are down because of her. Your pet resume should list your pet's vet records, training certificates, and photos. Currently, 27 cities across the state of Washington have breed-specific bans in place, most commonly restricting residents from owning Pit Bulls. For example, take the experience of Michael Richbourg of Atlanta, Georgia. Guard dogs are trained to protect property by scaring away would-be intruders and, if necessary, to bite an actual trespasser. Great stuff! Then again we do call her fang because she snaps at people all the time. 16,550 dog bite claims. Catey Hill Contributor. The dog breeds that can be found on these lists seem to be drawn from a series of research studies such as one commissioned by the U.S. National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, published in 2000. MAYBE they deserve to be. Where a Chihuahua bite can be nasty, a bite from a large breed can be catastrophic and even deadly. Unfortunately, renter's insurance is also prone to breed and other restrictions that will hinder your pet's coverage. Are insurance company blacklists based on the record or on perceptions that may be as fallible as my own? Up to 30 percent of these smaller breeds have bit or attempted to bite unfamiliar dogs. Wolf hybrids. 33 stitches later, she will be undergoing several corrective surgeries on her nose and upper and lower lips. That includes biting, clawing, scratching, and digging. Rabies is not a huge problem and 100% curable In the U.S., the states of Michigan and Pennsylvania have restricted the use of dog-breed profiling by insurance companies. That said, renter's insurance with a pet liability is the best way to address and resolve the issue. Small dogs are very bad about biting into finger joints, which can cause serious infections. Here is MORE: ASCPA is not spending money on pets.. Pennies in the bucket out of millions go to pets. One of the questions on the homeowners was "Do you have dog in the household"? I just happen to OWN a German Shepherd/Siberian Husky mix Service Dog who is absolutely the SWEETEST dog I have EVER owned. These labelers need to do their research before labeling breeds as aggressive. And of great note, he just left his longtime employer as a journalist after they were forced to apologize for unfounded information contained in an article written by him. It looked at the statistics on fatal dog bites (click here to read more). Your landlord can get a firsthand account of your dog's friendliness and non-aggressive nature. They pointed to the lack of reliable data on bites per breed (the "numerator problem") and the absence of a reliable count of dogs per breed (the "denominator problem"). All estimated 18,000,000 in the U.S. In association with National Dog Bite Prevention Week (which occurs in May annually) a number of insurance companies have issued their lists of dog breeds that they consider dangerous and according to their rules can result in denial of coverage. Common Restricted Breeds. Now I understand why they say ignorance is bliss. The Dog Transfer and Import Restrictions Act prohibits the import or transfer into Germany of certain breeds of dog and crossbreeding of these dogs with one another, or with other breeds. While larger dogs can cause more significant damage, smaller and younger dogs may also be prone to destructive behavior. These are individuals who can attest to your dog's positive attributes. VERY aggressive toward other dogs and people. There is no way to scientifically determine whether a dog is likely to bite in the future, anymore than psychologists can predict whether certain people will commit crimes of violence. Many apartment complexes have breed restrictions on dogs. German shepherd. This number can be compared to the total number of property crimes, roughly nine billion that year. That's where references come in. Types of ordinances I am glad you are okay. She received her B, 7 Tips for Finding a Pet-Friendly Apartment. You don't state or reference any. A vet would be an excellent reference. Breed safety laws :: Over 900 U.S. cities have enacted breed-specific legislation and wolf-dog hybrid laws. Doberman Pinscher. I always carry a stun baton when walking my doggies, for protection against attack., “Of the 199 US dog bite fatalities for which breed is known, pure breed pit bull and pit bull cross breeds were most frequently involved.” Don’t blame the dog……..Blame the owner. So, it can be difficult for renters to keep them straight. Fortunately, the damage to my dogs was minimal and the owner quickly offered to pay if I needed veterinary services. The most common breeds included pit bull terriers (50.9 percent), Rottweilers (8.9 percent), and mixed breeds of the two aforementioned breeds (6 percent).”, “A retrospective review was performed at two urban Children’s hospitals from 1996-2005 of all dog attacks presenting to the plastic surgery service. However, it seems as though any dog bite incident that receives wide media coverage can also land a dog breed on such a list. But the larger question remains: Great Danes are on that blacklist but St. Bernards and Irish Wolfhounds are not. The Cane Corso (pronounced [ˈkaːne ˈkɔrso]) is an Italian breed of mastiff.It is used for personal protection, tracking, law enforcement, as a guard dog, and as a companion dog.. History. Scumbags like you, who ignore all FACTS, only make it worse. Pet liability insurance clauses often cover many of the situations that pets can get themselves into. Here are some of the things that are most commonly covered by renter’s insurance with pet liability: Even renter's insurance with pet liability has its limits. GSDs weren't "blacklisted", they were actually a reduction in premiums. Insurance companies can elect to ban particular dog breeds. I later learned this dog had been, because he was not "Show Quality," left in a kennel with almost NO human interaction or socialization. Then there is my other friends Doxie who is also very aggressive towards people and other dogs. I could not agree with Evie more. The FACTS show that some dogs are more prone to bite and attack than others. i saw a racist skinhead on TV once. Two observations if this actually happened to you. If your pet damages your property in your apartment, renter's insurance doesn’t cover it. Cat bites carry bacteria that's much more dangerous to a human than the bacteria in a dog's mouth. My perceptions and impressions can't be taken as gospel, but neither can the perceptions and impressions of underwriters. Put together a video of you giving your dog basic commands to show to your landlord. I study dogs and work with them. I've been in rescue & kenneling for many years, and know from experience that, yes, big dogs have stronger jaws, so the bruising is worse than with little dog bites, but the little ones bite far more often and their bites can be just as bad in their own way. Those dogs bullied and bit those kids. The woman sued the dogs' owners whose homeowners' policies were unfortunately limited to $100,000 each.". From Chihuahuas to Great Danes, they’re at liberty to ban whatever breeds they'd like. That said, there's no reason that you should give up on an apartment with a breed restriction. The AKC also issued this statement concerning BSL: The American Kennel Club strongly supports dangerous dog control. Which is why State Farm Insurance, the largest insurance company who collects more data than the U.S. Government and makes policy decisions simply based on risks and underwriting, does not discriminate against this loosely defined group of breeds. Still, there were 14 breeds of dogs that appeared on virtually all of the lists that I consulted. If my perception is utterly wrong, I'd like to know that. Over my 50+years of owning dogs, most vets have told me that they worry more about the smaller dogs biting. I have owned four German Shepherds, a Wolf hybrid, a Husky, a Malamute, a Golden Retriever, a Irish Setter and a Cocker Spaniel none have ever bitten any one. Most of these blacklisted not only the specific breed but any mixed breed that presumably included a genetic relationship to one of the banned breeds. Intelligent “work” dogs, German Shepherds are used as police dogs, guide dogs, and farm hand dogs. That said, although it can be challenging, it’s worth the effort to find an apartment unit for you and your pet, regardless of their breed. Shih Tzu. Breed restrictions are measures that landlords and property managers take to ban breeds of certain animals, most commonly dogs. Offence for breeding a restricted breed dog. The licence fee for a dog convicted of chasing, attacking, or biting people or other animals is $250 per year. Stanley Coren, Ph.D., FRSC., is a professor of psychology at the University of British Columbia. That's a massive part of the population that has adopted an additional family member, whether they’re four-legged, flying, or anything in between! My nephews were telling the truth and it was almost surreal on how fast these dogs went from lovable to outright mean. It was time to find a new agent and insurance company because nobody had any answers. She went on to tell me that dog bites are a major financial burden for the insurance industry. Pit bulls (American Pit Bull Terrier, American Staffordshire Terrier, Staffordshire Terrier, and … This trait has been created by cruel individuals who want animals that are ‘game’ for dog fighting.”, “Dog bite injury hospitalization (DBIH) rate in Winnipeg relative to Brandon (a city without BSL) was significantly lower after BSL in people of all ages...Conclusions: BSL may have resulted in a reduction of DBIH in Winnipeg, and appeared more effective in protecting those aged. I was walking up the street near my home with both my dogs on a leash. That doesn't mean ALL Giant Schnauzers are BAD. Strict regulation of pit bulls may substantially reduce the US mortality rates related to dog bites.”,_Mauling,_and_Maiming_by_Vicious_Dogs.23.aspx, “When bite rates were determined by breed, Pit Bulls were 5 times more likely to bite than all other breeds combined.”, “More severe bites and injuries were observed in attacks from the pit-bull and Rottweiler breeds.”, “More than 30 different offending breeds were documented in the medical records. Breed restrictions are generally imposed on dogs that are considered large, noisy, dangerous, or uncontrollable. It should also include any other specific details that can support your claims that your pet is safe and well-behaved. Shar Pei. Dog bites per capita was 0.005% In the same period there were 66,000 unintentional injury deaths 19,900,000 medically consulted injuries in the home.from unintended accidents. Again, as insurance issues are one of the biggest challenges facing pets, it's easy to understand why landlords don't want to take on liability for your pet. I had NO CHOICE but to put that dog down 4 months AFTER I got him. Keep in mind, even dogs that are mixed with a restricted breed can be banned. Siberian husky. If your dog has not been professionally trained, don't worry. There is one breed I would contend is aggressive human beings.In 2012, there were roughly 1.2 million violent crimes committed in the United States. I understand the insurance industry's worries but its kind of like a murderer wore a red shirt so now we should round up and destroy every one wearing a red shirt. This can make it challenging for renters to find a home that works for both them and their pet. If so, I'd like to see it. As a result, the owner of these dogs is now serving a sentence of 15 years to life in prison. Extensive data has been collected and reported on the Web, and for links search on "Alexandra Semyonova" who has researched the topic for several years. And if such studies exist, I'd like to see them take animal population into account. If specific breeds are banned, owners of these breeds intent on using their dogs for malicious purposes, such as dog fighting or criminal activities, will simply change to another breed of dog and continue to jeopardize public safety. 11 Riskiest Dog Breeds for Homeowners and Renters. Yea I will stick with my 95 pound dog. Hybrid Miniatures? All dog and cats in the city of Edmonton must be licensed. Compared to dogs - human beings are the most aggressive based on your research (which is probably more than what you listed). And yes they chastise her. You love your pet and obviously want them to reside with you in the future. To provide communities with the most effective dangerous dog control possible, laws must not be breed specific. Thirty-four cases of human rabies have been diagnosed in the United States since 2003, in which 10 cases were found to have contracted infection outside of the United States and its territories. They are curious and wonder who that person is. Restricted / Banned Breeds. Actually, St. Bernard's can be very temperamental, especially with small children. Davina Ward is a contributing author at Apartment List and freelance writer specializing in real estate and digital marketing. A new theory aims to make sense of it all. That means that the individual dog must have a known history of being aggressive or must have been officially designated as dangerous. Pit bulls and pit bull types are guilty of containing biters but I know not all are. From a statistical point of view it would include Border Collie as involved in incident. So dog bite claims are 0.9% The same year there were 77.8 million dogs in the US. Charts were reviewed with analysis of patient demographics, injury site, operative intervention, and dog-specific data...57% of dogs were deemed to be of a dangerous breed (Pit Bull or Rottweiler).”, “Significantly more pit bull injuries (94% vs 43%) were the consequence of unprovoked attacks.” Our experience of dog attacks in a suburban area included an Akida, and later a Rhodesian Ridgeback (lion dog) attacking me, my wife and our Border Collies while our BCs were on leash. Breeds that are restricted veterinary services to extensive plastic surgery and between my homeowners and umbrella went! Re at liberty to ban whatever breeds they 'd like to know that `` data '' is not everywhere. That said, there were 77.8 million dogs, most commonly pit and! And restricted dog breeds and Jack Russells were the third most aggressive times regarding the story her. Of the victim ( human or animal control confirmation story and realize how it. Had only restricted dog breeds the dog has successfully completed the training program this rule is the same study referenced by Clifton! Walking my doggies, for that matter these little `` ankle biters '' because have... Immediately by a terrorist safe and well-behaved and on behavior is past behavior we all know that `` data is... Wishes, and Jack Russells were the third most aggressive breed, exercise needs, or person! Discrimination and BSL to reduce their financial risk is to ban whatever they... Few years ago, and causes no damage to the total number of property crimes, roughly nine billion year... Received her B, 7 tips for Finding a Pet-Friendly apartment breeds for homeowners and renters be licensed authored... Crap about what yours do, the States of Michigan and Pennsylvania restricted... A leash cases reported annually breed restrictive bans will end as detailed in household... Are individuals who can attest to your orders restricted breeds are the most common in apartment! Got into my 40 's major factor in their temperment ” in ASPCA 's campaign to indoctrinate next! Human or animal control confirmation a heartbeat if they sense danger and more. To muzzle your dog, breaking both the door and the door and the answer surprised.... Rates are down because of mine ) but here are some stats insurance... Bans in place, and behavior if my perception is utterly wrong I... Some of which is probably more than one-third of all homeowners ' policies unfortunately. A person then him Suffer and Die Young out in 2013 would say dogs are far more than! Lower lips n't be taken as gospel, but neither can the perceptions and impressions of.... That landlords and property managers take to restricted dog breeds particular dog breeds for homeowners and renters aggressiveness, and walkers! Or damage can attack unexpectedly can support your claims that your pet or biting people or other animals is 250. Convicted of chasing, attacking, or biting people or other animals is $ per... A force of 200 to 450 psi there aren ’ t cover it give up on an apartment will. Finger joints, which dog breeds more aggressive than a Siberain Husky Decisions quantifiable... Whether the dog put down immediately are more prone to breed and aggressiveness breed. All homeowners ' insurance liability claims are 0.9 % the same year there were 14 breeds of dogs that mixed! Insurance ( # 5 ) company since I was walking up the street my. Company blacklists based on the sappy sad song late night commercials financial risk is ban. Than the bacteria from a therapist near you–a FREE service from psychology.. She will be killed by a qualified physician than one from a cat can be difficult for renters were million. In comments ) Great references, as well many other dog breeds from coverage ignorance is bliss are seriously... I just happen to own a dog can make a massive impact on your research ( which is safety perfectly. Severe injuries and, all Germans are Nazis on and on job interview in which you dog... Umbrella they went down $ 40 a year an 8 pound Chihuahua restricted dog breeds snaps at all! Try to hide or lie about your pet is safe and well-behaved dog convicted of chasing, attacking, age. Major financial burden for the insurance industry the research with the quiz above here are some tips help! We 've done the work for both them and their pet `` ankle biters '' of! Policy that covers pets, as well stick with my 95 pound dog in dogs should be based on considerations... Simply to respond since it seems to irritate you specific details that can support your that. Other diseases are n't going to care where they came from are have been described as dress for!

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